Iraqi al-Amal Association with support of the Embassy of France in Iraq – Service of Cooperation and Cultural Action office implemented this project from November 2014 to May 2015, The information contained in this publication has been compiled, analyzed, and organized by Iraqi researcher; Ms. Ala Ali, who served as research director, and with the support of fifteen activists from Nineveh Province that formed the research team.
This conflict analysis study in Nineveh is a major local research project, which seeks to promote sustainable peace opportunities in Nineveh province and in Iraq as an end result. For this study we utilized a combination of different approaches, bringing together the theoretical and the practical for data collection such as, focus group sessions, interviews, disk review and validation session. Furthermore, this study attempts to examine all levels of Nineveh Province, including communities, individuals, and groups, such as local NGOs, community and tribal leaders, clerics, female and male activists, youth groups, local authorities, armed groups, and relevant government institutions, mainly focused on those based inside the province as well as those who are now IDPs. However, outsiders were considered as well, especially those from Baghdad, Anbar, Tikret, and the Kurdistan Region.
The summery includes special recommendations for all stakeholders, including local authorities in Nineveh, community leaders, local and international NGOs, relevant UN agencies, the government, and the international community, to analyze Nineveh conflicts as a crucial component in designing strategies for transforming conflict and building peace.
The findings in this study summery provide insight into the recent development in Iraq, including explanations for the advancement of ISIS. Several key issues contributing to and sustaining conflict were identified through this research; as were points of entry for peacebuilding, which can be capitalized on to, reduce tensions. Key themes include:
- Political & sectarian tension
- Census, Article 140, and legal issues
- Security, sense of citizenship, and patriotism
- Understanding others and their positions and interests
- Role of local civil society organizations
- The role of the international community
- Rule of Law, structural violence, and social justice
- Religious leaders and religious tensions
- The armed groups
- Gender-based violence and women’s rights
- The role of youth
- Men and Dignity
- Climate change
- Recommendations for action
Please find attached below the full report